Artigos (working papers)

  • A publicação dos Working Papers produzidos pela DIREITO SP tem por objetivo contribuir para o aumento da qualidade das Pesquisas Acadêmicas em Direito no país, pois acredita que o trabalho de Pesquisa precisa ser coletivo. Os textos são divulgados com o fim de intensificar a discussão pública de produtos parciais e inacabados, criando a oportunidade para a crítica e eventual alteração da abordagem adotada, por meio da incorporação de dados, fontes e teorias ainda não utilizados. A ideia é precisamente contribuir para o desenvolvimento e consolidação de uma rede de interlocutores nacionais e internacionais com nossos Professores, Pesquisadores, Alunos e Ex-alunos. Dessa forma, convidam-se os interessados à leitura crítica dos textos aqui publicados e ao envio de comentários aos respectivos autores. Por se tratarem de textos inacabados, é vedada a citação deles, exceto com a autorização expressa do autor.

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  • Caio Mário da Silva Pereira Neto
    Mateus Piva Adami
    Felipe Moreira de Carvalho
    11/05/2016
    A aproximação do término dos contratos de concessão do STFC demanda maior detalhamento das discussões acerca do modo de aplicação do instituto da reversibilidade de bens. Este artigo trata dos contornos da regra de reversão aplicável ao setor de telecomunicações, indicando os limites para e as ferramentas jurídicas para sua aplicação. Especificamente, postula-se que a Lei Geral de Telecomunicações e a Constituição Federal impossibilitam a adoção de uma leitura patrimonialista, sendo necessária a adoção de soluções contratuais com o propósito de viabilizar a reversão da posse dos bens reversíveis, em parcelas restritas àquelas estritamente indispensáveis à continuidade do STFC. The approaching term of the switched fixed telephony (STFC) concessions requires the discussions on asset reversibility to be held at a greater level of detail as to the characteristics of this legal concept. This paper outlines the asset reversibility rule applicable to the...
  • Vicente Piccoli Medeiros Braga
    16/11/2015
    Este trabalho conduz um mapeamento das decisões do Conselho de Recursos do Sistema Financeiro Nacional (CRSFN) sobre descumprimento do dever de diligência por conselheiros de administração de companhias abertas entre os anos 2010 e 2014. Primeiro, buscou-se identificar aspectos quantificáveis: natureza e extensão das penalidades aplicadas; percentual de absolvições e condenações na Comissão de Valores Mobiliários (CVM) e CRSFN; frequência da reforma de decisões da CVM pelo CRSFN; e eventual diferenciação entre membros “comuns” e Presidente ou vice-presidente do Conselho. Segundo, buscou-se identificar lições no conjunto de decisões que pudessem indicar o conteúdo do dever de diligência como interpretado em casos concretos. A principal conclusão a que se chega é a de que os contornos do dever de diligência de conselheiro de administração estão razoavelmente bem estabelecidos, e sua aplicação, embora lenta, seja rigorosa.
  • 2015-08
    Este trabalho procura constituir no campo do direito público um referencial analítico que permita avaliar a governança das políticas públicas de financiamento do desenvolvimento. A construção deste referencial tem como base a teoria da agência e, a partir das categorias de “agente” e “principal”, procura estabelecer uma tipologia das alternativas de governança. De um lado, são estabelecidas as possibilidades de “principal” político, isto é, a quem compete estabelecer a agenda da política pública. As possibilidades debatidas são circunscritas a uma escala alternada pela legislação parlamentar e pela discricionariedade executiva. De outro lado, são estipuladas as possibilidades de “agência” econômica, ou seja, a quem cabe a implementação da política pública. As alternativas descritas situam-se entre a alocação para agências estatais ou para o mercado. Estas alternativas são, enfim, avaliadas por suas respectivas vantagens comparativas. As possibilidades de “principal” político são...
  • Mariana Pargendler
    2015-03
    Conventional wisdom holds that economic analysis of law is either embryonic or nonexistent outside of the United States generally and in civil law jurisdictions in particular. Existing explanations for the assumed lack of interest in the application of economic reasoning to legal problems range from the different structure of legal education and academia outside of the United States to the peculiar characteristics of civilian legal systems. This paper challenges this view by documenting and explaining the growing use of economic reasoning by Brazilian courts. We argue that, given the ever-greater role of courts in the formulation of public policies, the application of legal principles and rules increasingly calls for a theory of human behavior (such as that provided by economics) to help foresee the likely aggregate consequences of different interpretations of the law. Consistent with the traditional role of civilian legal scholarship in providing guidance for the application of law...
  • Thiago Reis
    2015-03
    The international circulation and reception of the works of Friedrich Carl von Savigny (1779-1861) constitute one of the main features of the first globalization of legal thought. Reaching law professors and practitioners from Brazil to Japan, readings of Savigny’s books offer a promising perspective for understanding how legal cultures around the world coped with the challenges of modernity. By focusing empirically on the circulation of books and analytically on the adaptation of texts to local contexts, the approach forwarded here tries to capture the creative aspects of the diffusion of knowledge. For this purpose, it concentrates on Brazilian readers of Savigny in the 19th Century, especially on the celebrated lawyer Augusto Teixeira de Freitas (1816-1883). It argues that Savigny’s works provided a decisive argumentative framework for some of the main issues discussed in Brazilian jurisprudence of the time. Freitas’ work documents a productive reading of Savigny that shaped his...
  • Nora Rachman
    2015-03
    It is widely acknowledged that there is considerable international pressure for international ‘best practices’ to be adopted via national legislation. This would occur either by means of model laws or through the passing of country specific legislation that closely replicates foreign legal formats, administrative rules, and or regulation. These attempts to spread the implementation of ‘best practices’ have gained importance in the international debate due to the liberalization of international capital flows. The oversight, country reports, and technical assistance carried out by international organizations along with the growing internationalization of investors have also contributed to this growing pressure. In this respect, due to the constant evolution of transactions and the end objective of making sure that capital markets are developed with just rules, structures, and methods, this article looks to analyze the adoption of standardized models of capital market regulation....
  • 2015-03
    This paper discusses who the legal directors are in private companies in Brazil, emphasizing their profile, career, and performance, focusing on the period of 2008- 2013, investigating changes which have occurred to legal departments in those companies, and to legal directors’ careers. Our argument is that since the expansion of legal departments in Brazil in the 1990s, with expanding privatizing of companies and further opening of the Brazilian market to foreign capital, the profiles and careers of legal directors have undergone several transformations, culminating in more value and prestige being given to those professionals inside companies. This paper explores these transformations and the a series of implications generated for the corporate legal market in the country, ranging from changing the criteria for hiring professionals, to creating new demands for more sophisticated legal services.
  • Leonel Cesarino Pessôa
    Valéria Maria Trezza
    2015-03
    The objective of this paper is to identify and analyze the main problems in the taxation—regarding both taxes themselves and compliance costs of taxation—of civil society organizations in Brazil. This study is qualitative descriptive research. A multiple case study with 26 organizations was performed. The results show that the problems mainly affect organizations with lower revenue and that do not work in the areas of education, health or social care. The main problems involve the taxation of the payroll and the difficulties related to obtaining and maintaining certifications. The study concludes with suggestions for the improvement of the regulatory framework.
  • Michelle Ratton Sanchez Badin
    José Caiado
    Adriane Sanctis de Brito
    25/11/2014
  • David R. DeRemer
    25/11/2014
    In trade agreements, governments can design remedies to ensure compliance (property rule) or to compensate victims (liability rule). This paper describes an economic framework to explain the pattern of remedies over non-tariff restrictions—particularly domestic subsidies and nonviolation complaints subject to liability rules. The key determinants of the contract form for any individual measure are the expected joint surplus from an agreement and the expected loss to the constrained government. The loss is higher for domestic subsidies and nonviolations because these are the policies most likely to correct domestic distortions. Governments choose property rules when expected gains from compliance are sufficiently high and expected losses to the constrained country are sufficiently low. Liability rules are preferable when dispute costs are relatively high, because inefficiencies in the compensation process reduce the number of socially inefficient disputes filed.

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