Artigos (working papers)

  • A publicação dos Working Papers produzidos pela DIREITO SP tem por objetivo contribuir para o aumento da qualidade das Pesquisas Acadêmicas em Direito no país, pois acredita que o trabalho de Pesquisa precisa ser coletivo. Os textos são divulgados com o fim de intensificar a discussão pública de produtos parciais e inacabados, criando a oportunidade para a crítica e eventual alteração da abordagem adotada, por meio da incorporação de dados, fontes e teorias ainda não utilizados. A ideia é precisamente contribuir para o desenvolvimento e consolidação de uma rede de interlocutores nacionais e internacionais com nossos Professores, Pesquisadores, Alunos e Ex-alunos. Dessa forma, convidam-se os interessados à leitura crítica dos textos aqui publicados e ao envio de comentários aos respectivos autores. Por se tratarem de textos inacabados, é vedada a citação deles, exceto com a autorização expressa do autor.

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  • Maria Laura de Souza Coutinho
    11/02/2014
    The objective of this paper is to try to understand the Brazilian’s Courts role in the implementation of the Right to Housing. In order to do that, I analyzed three lawsuits (Favela Olga Benario, Favela Fiat/Vila Esperança and Pinheirinho I) in which the Right to Housing collide with the Right to Private Property. I claim that in spite of the adoption of the Social Function of the Ownership Principle and the formal inclusion of the Right to Housing among social rights protected by the Constitution, Brazilians Courts adopt a very conservative conception of the Right to Private Property and because of that, they tend not to enforce the Right to Housing.
  • Rafael A. F. Zanatta
    11/02/2014
    This paper presents the result of a qualitative empirical research about the “Criatec Fund”, a venture capital fund, privately managed and directed to innovative firms, that was created in 2007 by the Brazilian Development Bank (BNDES). The paper discusses the role of law in the implementation of the Criatec Fund in three different legal dimensions: structural, regulatory and contractual. Based on interviews, this paper tries to test some hypothesis previously formulated by some scholars that studied new financial policies created by the BNDES. This study explains the institutional arrangements of this seed capital policy and the role of flexible legal instruments in the execution of this peculiar type of publicprivate partnership. It also poses some questions to the “law and development agenda” based on some insights from the economic sociology of law.
  • Arthur Roberto Capella Giannattasio
    Luís Fernando de Paiva Baracho Cardoso
    11/02/2014
    New emerging international dynamics introduce a global poly-axiological polycentric disorder which undermines the tradition of a unique global legal order in international law. Modern Era was characterized by Western European civilizational model – from which human rights is a byproduct. This consensus had its legitimacy tested by XXst century’s scenario – and the ‘BRICS factor/actor’ is a symptom of this reality. Its empowerment in world politics lead to the rise of distinct groups of States/civilizations provided with different legal, political, economic and social traditions – promoting an unexpected uprise of otherness in international legal order and inviting it to a complete and unforeseeable reframing process. Beyond Washington or Brussels Consensus, other custom-originated discourses (Brasília, Moscow, New Delhi, Peking or Cape Town Consensus, among other unfolded possibilities) will probably henceforth attempt shaping international law in present global legal disorder.
  • Ana Lucia Sabadell
    11/02/2014
    Recent statistical data confirms that domestic violence is a structural problem of exceptional gravity. We analyze the frequent legislative changes in Brazil since 2000 as a result of social pressure for protection of abused women. Only the Law 11.340 of 2006 was well received by lawyers, judges and the public opinion. We present the innovations and peculiarities of this statute and the allegations on unconstitutionality. We discuss cases of judicial review of this law and reject the arguments of unconstitutionality. That notwithstanding, we argue that penalization decisions is the wrong way from a criminological point of view because they do not take into consideration the desires and needs of the victims.
  • Pedro Henrique Soares Ramos
    02/12/2013
    O presente artigo busca trazer uma perspectiva jurídica ao debate sobre o impacto da replicação de modelos de negócio na Internet. O objetivo é oferecer uma análise sobre os copycats – empresas que reproduzem modelos de negócio inovadores desenvolvidos por empresas terceiras – em conjunto com os institutos da liberdade de concorrência e propriedade intelectual, examinando a contraposição existente entre esses no arcabouço jurídico nacional e buscando responder, como pergunta de trabalho, se esses mecanismos podem ser interpretados, à luz do ordenamento brasileiro, como mecanismos de incentivo ou restrição ao desenvolvimento de copycats no país.
  • 02/12/2013
    The goal of this paper is to debate the degree of effectiveness of the rule of law in Brazil, through a survey measuring perceptions, attitudes and habits of Brazilians in regard to compliance to law. The survey conducted in Brazil is based on the study conducted by Tom R. Tyler in the United States, entitled Why People Obey the Law? (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1990). The main argument of Tyler´s study is that people obey the law when they believe it’s legitimate, and not because they fear punishment. We test the same argument in Brazil, relying on five indicators: (i) behavior, which depicts the frequency with which respondents declared to have engaged in conducts in disobedience to the law; (ii) instrumentality, measuring perception of losses associated with the violation of the law, specially fear of punishment; (iii) morality, measuring perception of how much is right or wrong to engage in certain conducts in violation of the law; (iv) social control, which measures...
  • Alexandre Ramos Coelho
    02/12/2013
    How to deal with the impacts of the exchange rate on the trade balance of Brazil? There is not a single answer to such question. In order to find out some legal approaches for this matter, this paper aims to describe and analyze the role of the IMF, WTO and the governments of Brazil and the United States on the currency misalignments, especially the extraterritorial effects of such misalignment on the Brazil’s bilateral trade with the United States. The article concludes that the Currency Swap Agreements and other bilateral solutions may minimize the distortions that the Brazilian balance of payment against the USA is carrying, due to the lack of legal solutions for the problem of the exchange rate misalignments that Brazil is facing.
  • Dalton Tria Cusciano
    Arthur Roberto Capella Giannattasio
    02/12/2013
    This paper follows the idea of Amartya Sen, Nobel Prize of economic, about the role of State in the assurance of minimal existence condition, and aim to answer how countries of Latin America (specifically Brazil) and countries of Europe (specifically United Kingdom) deal with the assurance of this minimal existence conditions. According to Amartya Sen’s view, development must be seen as a process of expanding substantive freedoms, such expansion being the primary purpose of each society and the main mean of development. Substantive freedoms can be considered as basic capabilities allocated to individuals whereby they are entitled to be architects of their own lives, providing them conditions to “live as they wish”. These basic capabilities are divided by Amartya Sen in 5 (five) kinds of substantive freedoms, but for this article’s purpose, we will consider just one of this 5 (five) kinds, specifically the Protective Safety capability. Protective Safety capability may be defined as...
  • Paulo André Nassar
    Rubens Eduardo Glezer
    02/12/2013
    Há um grau de incerteza que é próprio da atividade jurisdicional e não é possível de ser mitigado em razão da própria natureza dos juízos a respeito de normas jurídicas. Decisões judiciais não são e nem podem ser absolutamente previsíveis. Há, contudo, um grau de incerteza que é evitável e o deve ser evitado, por ser prejudicial à saúde de um sistema jurídico. Outros pesquisadores no Brasil trabalharam com esta noção, e foi muito bem sucedida a formulação dos conceitos de incerteza estrutural e incerteza patológica de Joaquim Falcão, Luís Fernando Schuartz e Diego Arguelhes. Contudo, acreditamos que a concepção de incerteza patológica apresentada dos autores precisa de reformulação, especialmente para que pudesse ser verificada a partir de elementos da decisão judicial e não apenas de elementos sociológicos e psicológicos. Propomos uma concepção de incerteza patológica calcada na qualidade da fundamentação das decisões judiciais e concluímos que...
  • Daniel Funcia de Bonis
    01/10/2013
    Alterações normativas são de eficácia limitada quando não acompanhadas do aperfeiçoamento das instituições encarregadas de aplicar, zelar e desenvolver as normas jurídicas. Esse documento contrasta o modelo regulatório brasileiro com dois outros modelos paradigmáticos (o do Reino Unido, baseado em uma agência reguladora própria, e o das Filipinas, um caso inédito de autorregulação reconhecida pelo Estado). A Análise conclui que inexiste, no Brasil, um órgão ou espaço institucional com competência exclusiva para regular o setor, estando as competências regulatórias espalhadas ente vários órgãos (principalmente os Ministérios da Justiça, Desenvolvimento Social, Saúde e Educação), sem uma instância superior de coordenação
    Regulatory changes are of limited effectiveness when not accompanied by the improvement of the institutions responsible for implementing, developing and ensuring legal standards. This paper...

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