Artigos (working papers)

  • A publicação dos Working Papers produzidos pela DIREITO SP tem por objetivo contribuir para o aumento da qualidade das Pesquisas Acadêmicas em Direito no país, pois acredita que o trabalho de Pesquisa precisa ser coletivo. Os textos são divulgados com o fim de intensificar a discussão pública de produtos parciais e inacabados, criando a oportunidade para a crítica e eventual alteração da abordagem adotada, por meio da incorporação de dados, fontes e teorias ainda não utilizados. A ideia é precisamente contribuir para o desenvolvimento e consolidação de uma rede de interlocutores nacionais e internacionais com nossos Professores, Pesquisadores, Alunos e Ex-alunos. Dessa forma, convidam-se os interessados à leitura crítica dos textos aqui publicados e ao envio de comentários aos respectivos autores. Por se tratarem de textos inacabados, é vedada a citação deles, exceto com a autorização expressa do autor.

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  • Daniel Wei Liang Wang
    01/10/2013
    This article starts by analysing healthcare litigation in Brazil by means of a literature review of articles that contribute with empirical findings on this phenomenon. Based on this review, I argue that health care litigation in Brazil makes the public health system less fair and rational. In the second part of this article, I discuss the three most overarching responses to control the level of litigation and its impact on the public health system: (i) the public hearing held by the Supreme Federal Court and the criteria the court established thereafter; (ii) the recommendations by the National Council of Justice aimed at building courts’ institutional capacity; and (iii) the enactment of the Federal Law 12.401/11, which created a new health technology assessment system. I argue that latter is the best response because it keeps the substantive decisions on the allocation of healthcare resources in the institution that is in the best position to make them. Moreover, this legislation...
  • Daniel Funcia de Bonis
    01/10/2013
    Alterações normativas são de eficácia limitada quando não acompanhadas do aperfeiçoamento das instituições encarregadas de aplicar, zelar e desenvolver as normas jurídicas. Esse documento contrasta o modelo regulatório brasileiro com dois outros modelos paradigmáticos (o do Reino Unido, baseado em uma agência reguladora própria, e o das Filipinas, um caso inédito de autorregulação reconhecida pelo Estado). A Análise conclui que inexiste, no Brasil, um órgão ou espaço institucional com competência exclusiva para regular o setor, estando as competências regulatórias espalhadas ente vários órgãos (principalmente os Ministérios da Justiça, Desenvolvimento Social, Saúde e Educação), sem uma instância superior de coordenação
    Regulatory changes are of limited effectiveness when not accompanied by the improvement of the institutions responsible for implementing, developing and ensuring legal standards. This paper...
  • 01/10/2013
    The goal of this paper is to discuss a key issue in the Democratic Rule of Law State: what are the role and main functions of the Judiciary in Brazil? Is the Judiciary mainly a public service provider, adjudicating disputes and guaranteeing individual rights? Or also as a state power, it should mainly control and guide the moral values of the society, changing the status quo and reducing social conflicts? In this sense, what are the conflicts that must be examined by the Judiciary? We will seek to answer these questions based on a discussion subsidized by courts official statistics and the results of surveys conducted with the Brazilian general population. The surveys measured how do citizens feel about their judicial system and what are the circumstances and the facts that determine the judicialization of conflicts. We work with the perceptions and attitudes of citizens relating to the Judiciary as it is today and discuss the Judiciary they want. Then, we compare how attitudes and...
  • 30/09/2013
    In the world’s current condition of macroeconomic turmoil, a justifiable question arises: what is the contribution that legal scholars, as opposed to economists, can make to macroeconomic regulation? Since mainstream Law & Economics scholarship adapts much more easily to micro (rather than macro) economics, an alternative paradigm is needed. I propose that legal scholars explore the Art of Law & Macroeconomics, a concept that links legal knowledge and the art of economics. Legal scholars are therefore expected to offer policy advice based on their understanding of the internal rationality and structure of the legal system.
  • Thiago Jabor Pinheiro
    30/09/2013
    This article analyzes the institutional drivers of Brazil’s alarmingly high levels of litigation between clients and financial institutions. Most of the policy oriented literature that explores that phenomenon discusses the impacts of a perceived debtor-friendly bias of Brazilian courts on generating feedback loops of litigation that further increases interest rates and creates adverse selection within the pool of potential debtors. This literature therefore addresses the way courts behave once disputes reach their doorstep; conversely, we take a step back to understand the underlying reasons for why such a large number of disputes end up in courts in the first place. We accordingly attribute endemic litigation in Brazilian financial markets to a framework of political, economic and legal institutions and circumstances, which this article aims to unbound and explain.
  • 01/09/2012
  • Mariana Pargendler
    01/08/2012
    State ownership of publicly-traded corporations remains pervasive around the world, and has been increasing in recent years. Existing literature focuses on the implications of government ownership for corporate governance and performance at the firm level. This Article, by contrast, explores the different but equally important question of whether the presence of the state as a shareholder can impose negative externalities on the corporate law regime available to the private sector. Drawing from historical experiments with government ownership in the United States, Brazil, China, and Europe, this study shows that the conflict of interest stemming from the state’s dual role as a shareholder and regulator can influence the content of corporate laws to the detriment of outside investor protection and efficiency. It thus addresses a gap in the literature on the political economy of corporate governance by incorporating the political role of the state as shareholder as another...
  • 13/12/2011
  • 01/04/2011
  • 01/04/2011

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